DU PLESSIS-MORNAY, Philippe (Seigneur du Plessis-Marly)

Philippe Du Plessis-Mornay was a French Protestant or Huguenot leader, statesman, political theorist, and prominent spokesman for the Protestant cause during the French Wars of Religion (1562-98). Born in Buhy, Normandy, under his Protestant mother's influence he studied law and Hebrew in Heidelberg and while in Cologne wrote two Remonstrances (1571-72) exhorting the Nether­lands to resist Spanish rule. After his father's death, his family became Protestant in 1559, and after study in Paris and service under de Conde in the Second War of Religion, he escaped the 1572 St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre by fleeing to England. He served over the next decade as a military leader in the Huguenot cause and as a diplomat for William of Orange and Henri de Navarre. He en­couraged and supported the Synods of the French Reformed church and sought a wider union of all Protestant communions under the leadership of James I.* In 1589 he was appointed governor of Saumur, where he built a Protestant church and in 1593 established a Protestant academy. Despite the conversion of Henri IV, to whom he was a counsellor, in 1593, he continued to seek religious toleration and was instrumental in having the Edict of Nantes, guaranteeing religious liberty to Protestants, promulgated in 1598. He engaged in public de­bate with Bishop Jacques Davy Duperron before Henri IV at Fontainebleau on the nature of the Mass in 1600. However, after the renewal of persecution under Louis XIII, he was deprived of his governorship of Saumur and retired to his castle at Poitou, where he died.
Du Plessis-Mornay wrote important political tracts, including Discours au Roi Charles (Discourse to King Charles) and Remonstrances aux estats pour la paix (Remonstrances on the Conditions for Peace, 1572). The most important tract, though its authorship is disputed, was Vindiciae contra tyrannos (A Defense of liberty, 1579), a classical Protestant political tract that posits a contract between the ruler and the ruled and the right of the latter to revolt if the sovereign becomes tyrannical or rejects true religion. He was also an able theologian apol­ogist for the Huguenot cause, publishing while in London in 1578 his Traiteéde l'eéglise (published in English the following year as Treatise on the Church), and in 1579 his De la veériteé de la religion chreétienne appeared in Antwerp (in English in 1587 as Concerning the Truth ofthe Christian Religion). His major theological work was the treatise on the Eucharist, De l'institution, usage, et doctrine du saint sacrement de l'eucharistie en l'eglise ancienne (Concerning the Institution, Usage, and Doctrine of the Holy Sacrament in the early church), which appeared in 1598 and was the occasion for the public debate two years later. In 1611 he published at Saumur his Mysterium iniquitatis seu historia papatus (The Mystery of Iniquity, or History of the Papacy), in which he at­tacked the positions of Caesar Baronis and Robert Bellarmine and which swiftly appeared in French (1611) and English (1612) editions. He was chosen to rep­resent French Protestants at Dort in 1618, but King Louis XIII forbade his attendance.
J. Figgis, Studies of Political Thought from Gerson to Grotius, 1414-1625, 1907. Q. Skinner, The Foundations of Modern Political Thought, 1978.
Iain S. Maclean

Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary. . 2001.

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  • Mornay, Philippe de, seigneur du Plessis-Marly — ▪ French diplomat also called  Philippe Duplessis mornay   born Nov. 5, 1549, Buhy, Normandy, Fr. died Nov. 11, 1623, La Forêt sur Sèvre       French diplomat who was one of the most outspoken and well known publicists for the Protestant cause… …   Universalium

  • Philippe de Mornay — Philippe Duplessis Mornay Pour les articles homonymes, voir Duplessis. Philippe Duplessis Mornay, en réalité Philippe de Mornay, Seigneur du Plessis–Marly, également appelé Philippe Mornay Du Plessis (né le 5 novembre 1549 à Buhy, dans… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Philippe duplessis-mornay — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Duplessis. Philippe Duplessis Mornay, en réalité Philippe de Mornay, Seigneur du Plessis–Marly, également appelé Philippe Mornay Du Plessis (né le 5 novembre 1549 à Buhy, dans l actuel Val d Oise mort… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Philippe de Mornay — (5 November 1549 – 11 November 1623), seigneur du Plessis Marly, usually known as Du Plessis Mornay or Mornay Du Plessis, was a French Protestant writer and member of the Monarchomaques ( killer of kings ). Biography He was born in France, now… …   Wikipedia

  • Mornay sauce — poured over an orecchiette pasta dish A Mornay sauce is a Béchamel sauce with shredded or grated cheese added. Usually, it consists of half Gruyère and half Parmesan cheese, though some variations use different combinations of Gruyère, Emmental… …   Wikipedia

  • Mornay —   [mɔr nɛ], Philippe de, Seigneur du Plessis Marly [dy plɛ si mar li], genannt P. Duplessis Mornay [dyplɛ si ], französischer Staatsmann, * Buhy (bei Gisors) 5. 11. 1549, ✝ La Forêt sur Sèvre (bei Bressuire, Département Deux Sèvres) 11. 11. 1623 …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Mornay — [mō̂r nā′] Philippe de [fē lēp′ də] Seigneur du Plessis Marly 1549 1623; Fr. diplomat & Huguenot leader: also Duplessis Mornay …   English World dictionary

  • Mornay — (spr. näh), Philippe de, Seigneur du Plessis Marly, franz. Staatsmann, geb. 5. Nov. 1549 auf Buhy (Normandie), unter Heinrich IV. Staatsrat und Gouverneur von Saumur, gest. 11. Nov. 1623 zu La Forêt sur Sèvre; auch theol. Schriftsteller. Seine… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Mornay — (– äh), Philippe de, Seigneur de Plessis Marly, geb. 1549 in der Normandie, Hugenotte, Staatsmann u. Gelehrter, unter Heinrich IV. Staatsrath u. Gouverneur von Saumur, leitete die Angelegenheiten seiner Glaubensgenossen bis 1620, wo er von Ludwig …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Philippe Duplessis-Mornay — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Duplessis et Mornay. Philippe Duplessis Mornay, en réalité Philippe de Mornay, Seigneur du Plessis–Marly, également appelé Philippe Mornay Du Plessis (né le 5 novembre 1549 à Buhy, dans l actuel Val d… …   Wikipédia en Français

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